Cardiorespiratory fitness and ideal cardiovascular health in European adolescents

HELENA Study Group, Jonatan R. Ruiz, Inge Huybrechts, Magdalena Cuenca-García, Enrique G. Artero, Idoia Labayen, Aline Meirhaeghe, German Vicente-Rodriguez, Angela Polito, Yannis Manios, Marcela G. González-Gross, Ascensión Marcos, Kurt Widhalm, D. Molnár, Anthony Kafatos, Michael Sjöström, Luis A. Moreno, Manuel J. Castillo, Francisco B. Ortega

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Abstract

Objective We studied in European adolescents (i) the association between cardiorespiratory fitness and ideal cardiovascular health as defined by the American Heart Association and (ii) whether there is a cardiorespiratory fitness threshold associated with a more favourable cardiovascular health profile. Methods Participants included 510 (n=259 girls) adolescents from 9 European countries. The 20 m shuttle run test was used to estimate cardiorespiratory fitness. Ideal cardiovascular health was defined as meeting ideal levels of the following components: four behaviours (smoking, body mass index, physical activity and diet) and three factors (total cholesterol, blood pressure and glucose). Results Higher levels of cardiorespiratory fitness were associated with a higher number of ideal cardiovascular health components in both boys and girls (both p for trend ≤0.001). Levels of cardiorespiratory fitness were significantly higher in adolescents meeting at least four ideal components (13% higher in boys, p

LanguageEnglish
Pages766-773
Number of pages8
JournalHeart
Volume101
Issue number10
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - May 1 2015

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Health
Blood Glucose
Body Mass Index
Smoking
Cholesterol
Cardiorespiratory Fitness
Exercise
Diet
Blood Pressure

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
  • Medicine(all)

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Cardiorespiratory fitness and ideal cardiovascular health in European adolescents. / HELENA Study Group.

In: Heart, Vol. 101, No. 10, 01.05.2015, p. 766-773.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

HELENA Study Group. / Cardiorespiratory fitness and ideal cardiovascular health in European adolescents. In: Heart. 2015 ; Vol. 101, No. 10. pp. 766-773.
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AU - Huybrechts, Inge

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AU - Artero, Enrique G.

AU - Labayen, Idoia

AU - Meirhaeghe, Aline

AU - Vicente-Rodriguez, German

AU - Polito, Angela

AU - Manios, Yannis

AU - González-Gross, Marcela G.

AU - Marcos, Ascensión

AU - Widhalm, Kurt

AU - Molnár, D.

AU - Kafatos, Anthony

AU - Sjöström, Michael

AU - Moreno, Luis A.

AU - Castillo, Manuel J.

AU - Ortega, Francisco B.

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