Cardiometabolic correlates of sleep-disordered breathing in renal transplant children

Zsófia Lendvai, Krisztina Pásti, Lilla Szeifert, László D. Molnár, Krisztina Rusai, Katalin Balassa, George Reusz, Attila J. Szabó

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Abstract

Sleep-disordered breathing, a prevalent condition among adult renal transplant (RTx) recipients, has become an established independent risk factor of MetS, and furthermore, it might contribute to increased CV risk. Despite the proven correlations in adults, there is a lack of evidence for its significance in the pediatric RTx population. In this study, we aimed at assessing the prevalence and the clinical correlates of SDB in RTx children. Data of 13 patients (age [mean ± SD]: 14.2 ± 2.7 years) were analyzed. SDB was evaluated by PSG, as severity score OAHI was applied. Carbohydrate metabolism was characterized by OGTT, whereas CV status was studied by ABPM. Three composite end-points were calculated as sum of z-scores: daytime systolic and diastolic BP; nighttime systolic and diastolic BP; and glucose and insulin levels at 120 minutes. Eight patients (61.5%) were diagnosed with SDB of whom five patients (38.5%) had moderate or severe SDB. In linear regression analysis, OAHI during REM was associated with the CV variables (daytime BP P = 0.032, ß = 0.748; nighttime BP P = 0.041, ß = 0.715), and the correlations remained significant after adjustments for BMI. However, we did not confirm a significant association with the metabolic variables. The prevalence of SDB was high, and its severity during REM was a predictor of the BP suggesting that RTx children with SDB might be at risk of developing CV complications, especially HTN similarly to adults.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere13529
JournalPediatric Transplantation
Volume23
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 2019

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Keywords

  • hypertension
  • kidney transplantation
  • metabolic syndrome
  • sleep apnea syndrome

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
  • Transplantation

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