Carabid species responses to hybrid poplar plantations in floodplains in France

Zoltán Elek, Emmanuelle Dauffy-Richard, Frédéric Gosselin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

10 Citations (Scopus)


Hybrid poplar plantations have become an important component of forest and agricultural landscapes in alluvial floodplains since poplars are among the fastest-growing trees in temperate regions. However, these habitats are thought to decrease biodiversity, including ground beetle diversity, as compared to other traditional land-uses such as grasslands and semi-natural forests. To evaluate the impacts of poplar plantations on carabid diversity, we tested whether carabid assemblages are more affected by land-use type than by canopy cover type in three alluvial floodplains in North-Eastern France. We stratified our 63-plot sampling design according to four habitat types based on land-use and plantation age. Non-metric multidimensional scaling revealed a successional gradient in species composition related to canopy cover progressing from grasslands through young, then adult poplar plantations, to semi-natural forests. Species-level response models showed that many carabid species distinguished the open habitats (grasslands and young poplar plantations) from the closed ones (adult poplar plantations and semi-natural forests). Only a few species preferred one of the traditional land-uses such as grasslands or semi-natural forests. Based on our data, the deleterious effect of poplar plantations on the conservation of ground beetles may not be as high as expected.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1446-1455
Number of pages10
JournalForest Ecology and Management
Issue number9
Publication statusPublished - Sep 1 2010



  • Carabidae
  • Floodplain
  • France
  • Hybrid poplar plantation
  • Quasi-Poisson glm
  • Species response

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Forestry
  • Nature and Landscape Conservation
  • Management, Monitoring, Policy and Law

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