Canine neosporosis in Hungary: Screening for seroconversion of household, herding and stray dogs

S. Hornok, R. Edelhofer, É Fok, K. Berta, P. Fejes, A. Répási, R. Farkas

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

15 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In order to assess the seroprevalence of canine neosporosis 651 blood samples were collected from 586 household, 41 herding and 24 stray dogs, at small animal clinics in four large cities and other places of Hungary. Nineteen (2.9%) showed positivity in the IFAT with titres between 1:80 and 1:10240. Two dogs with high titres of antibodies to Neospora caninum had neuromuscular signs (imbalance, tremor) and a further one developed papulomatous, ulcerative and necrotizing dermatitis. There was no correlation between titers and age, sex, breed or keeping place. Although more male dogs had antibodies to N. caninum than females in case of both household and herding dogs, this association was not significant. No breed predisposition was observed. However, dogs with seroconversion were significantly more prevalent among rural (6%) than among urban dogs (1%), indicating that dogs in the countryside may have contact with or access to potentially infected offal from cattle and other intermediate hosts more frequently than those in large cities. Furthermore, significantly more herding dogs (29.3%) had antibodies to N. caninum than household dogs (1.2%), confirming the association between the occurrence of neosporosis and dog keeping on farms. The 12 dogs found seropositive among herding ones lived on 6 farms, on 5 of which seropositive cattle were also identified. This is the first report on the prevalence of N. caninum infection in dogs in Hungary.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)197-201
Number of pages5
JournalVeterinary Parasitology
Volume137
Issue number3-4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Apr 30 2006

Fingerprint

neosporosis
herding
Hungary
seroconversion
Canidae
households
Dogs
screening
dogs
Neospora
Neospora caninum
Seroconversion
Antibodies
antibodies
breeds
farms
Seroepidemiologic Studies
Tremor
Dermatitis
cattle

Keywords

  • Herding
  • Male dogs
  • Neospora caninum
  • Seroprevalence
  • Sylvatic cycle

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Animal Science and Zoology
  • Parasitology
  • veterinary(all)

Cite this

Canine neosporosis in Hungary : Screening for seroconversion of household, herding and stray dogs. / Hornok, S.; Edelhofer, R.; Fok, É; Berta, K.; Fejes, P.; Répási, A.; Farkas, R.

In: Veterinary Parasitology, Vol. 137, No. 3-4, 30.04.2006, p. 197-201.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Hornok, S. ; Edelhofer, R. ; Fok, É ; Berta, K. ; Fejes, P. ; Répási, A. ; Farkas, R. / Canine neosporosis in Hungary : Screening for seroconversion of household, herding and stray dogs. In: Veterinary Parasitology. 2006 ; Vol. 137, No. 3-4. pp. 197-201.
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