Leishmaniosis, a tropical sandfly-borne disease has been endemic in southern Europe for decades. Canine leishmaniosis caused by Leishmania infantum is a widely spread zoonosis in the Mediterranean region of the continent, where it is a chronic systemic disease of the local dogs. The dogs, which are the main reservoirs of the parasite species play a key role in transmission to humans causing visceral leishmaniosis. Human susceptibility to L infantum is low but it causes life-threatening disease. Novel autochthonous foci of canine infections have been found in some European countries which were formerly free from the parasite. Environmental and human behavioural factors influenced by climatic alterations associated with global warming are thought to contribute to the northward spread of L infantum. Leishmaniosis could be also an emerging parasitic disease in Hungarian dogs. Therefore private veterinarians should have appropriate knowledge of it because the control of human infections relies on effective control of canine leishmaniosis. This review presents an updated knowledge about the parasite, and the epidemiology, pathogenesis, clinical signs, diagnosis, treatment and prevention of canine leishmaniosis. This publication was partially funded by EU grant GOCE-2003-010284 EDEN and is catalogued by the EDEN Steering Committee as EDEN 0121.
|Translated title of the contribution||Canine leishmaniosis and its importance in Europe. Literature review|
|Number of pages||9|
|Journal||Magyar Allatorvosok Lapja|
|Publication status||Published - Jun 22 2009|
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