Can better recognition and treatment of depression reduce suicide rates? A brief review

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Abstract

Depression, the major cause of suicide, is prevalent but an under-detected, underdiagnosed and, under-treated illness and it is particularly true for depressed suicide victims. However, several studies consistently show that successful treatment of depression not only relieves depressive symptoms, but also decreases and makes suicidality vanish. If the rate of treated depressions in the population increases gradually, at a given point it will appear in the decline of the suicide rates. Although absolute evidence is lacking at present, recent reports from some European countries strongly suggest that increasing utilisation of antidepressants is one of the most important contributing factors in the decrease in suicide rates.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)406-409
Number of pages4
JournalEuropean Psychiatry
Volume16
Issue number7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 2001

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Keywords

  • Antidepressants
  • Depression
  • Suicide
  • Suicide prevention
  • Suicide rates

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychiatry and Mental health

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