Calcium signalling is altered in myeloid cells with a deficiency in NADPH oxidase activity

B. K. Rada, M. Geiszt, R. Van Bruggen, K. Német, D. Roos, Erzsébet Ligeti

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34 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The relation of O2.--production and Ca2+ homeostasis was investigated in PLB-985 cell lines and neutrophilic granulocytes from peripheral blood. In differentiated wild-type PLB-985 cells, a high level of O2.--production was associated with a significant decrease in the membrane potential and the inhibition of capacitative Ca2+ entry. These correlations were not observed in gp91phox-/- cells or in cells transfected with a non-functional mutant of gp91phox (Thr341Lys). Membrane depolarization and inhibition of Ca2+ entry reappeared in cells transfected with wild-type gp91phox. These experiments demonstrate that inhibition of Ca2+ entry depends on the presence of a functional NADPH oxidase. The Ca2+ signal induced by stimulation of chemotactic receptors also showed remarkable differences: [Ca2+]ic in the sustained phase was higher in gp91phox-/- than in wild-type cells. Alteration of the Ca2+ signal was reproduced by treating peripheral blood neutrophils with the NADPH oxidase inhibitor diphenylene-iodonium. It is concluded that the deficiency in O2.--production is accompanied by significant alterations of Ca2+ homeostasis in myeloid cells.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)53-60
Number of pages8
JournalClinical and Experimental Immunology
Volume132
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Apr 1 2003

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Keywords

  • Channel
  • Immunodeficiency diseases
  • Neutrophils
  • Signal transduction
  • Store-operated calcium

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Immunology

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