Using isolated cells from a spontaneously immortalized human keratinocyte cell line (HaCaT) loaded with Fura-2 the regulation of intracellular Ca2+ concentration ([Ca2+](i)) was studied. The continuous presence of ATP induced a biphasic response in high external Ca2+. The first component reflected the release of calcium from intracellular stores since it was present after the removal of external calcium with ethylene-glycol-bis-N,N,N',N'-tetraacetic acid (EGTA). The second phase of [Ca2+](i) increase was not detectable in the absence of external calcium and raising the extracellular [Ca2+] increased the rate of rise in [Ca2+](i) suggesting that it was influenced by the external environment. Furthermore, after adenosine triphosphate (ATP) had emptied the intracellular store in a calcium-free milieu, the elevation of external Ca2+ induced a secondary increase in [Ca2+](i) that did not require the presence of ATP. Depleting the intracellular calcium store with a Ca-ATP-ase inhibitor (cyclopiasonic acid, 10 μM) also induced calcium entry. The depletion induced calcium entry was inhibited by econazole (100 μM). These findings indicate the presence of a calcium release activated calcium influx pathway in HaCaT keratinocytes.
|Number of pages||6|
|Publication status||Published - Jun 1 2000|
- Calcium release induced calcium entry
- HaCaT keratinocytes
- Intracellular calcium
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Biology