Cultured cells from the anterior pituitary glands of adult rats were treated with the tripeptide aldehyde proteinase inhibitor, Boc-Gln-Leu-Lys-H. The oligopeptide had a profound relesing effect on growth hormone, whereas the prolactin release remained unchanged at 10-3 mol/l drug concentration after an incubation for 2 h. In the presence of the oligopeptide a time- and dose-dependent calcium influx into cultured cells has been shown which was proved to be almost completely antagonized with magnesium ions but not with Nifedipine. In addition, radioactive calcium ions could be detected in a number of cells by light microscopic autoradiography when cultures were treated with Boc-Gln-Leu-Lys-H for short periods. The selective Gel action of the oligopeptide on growth hormone producing cells has been demonstrated also in fine structural investigations: multigranular and single exocytotic profiles have been observed. Accordingly, we have postulated that Boc-Gln-Leu-Lysinal mimics the effects of the known ionophores. Its mode of action needs, however, further studies especially on isolated somatotrophs.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Agricultural and Biological Sciences(all)