Calcium induces cell survival and proliferation through the activation of the MAPK pathway in a human hormone-dependent leukemia cell line, TF-1

Ágota Apáti, Judit Jánossy, Anna Brózik, Pál Imre Bauer, Mária Magócsi

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Abstract

Survival and proliferation of cells of a human myeloerythroid CD34+ leukemia cell line (TF-1) depend on the presence of granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor or interleukin-3. Upon hormone withdrawal these cells stop proliferating and undergo apoptotic process. In this report we demonstrate that a controlled increase in [Ca2+]i induces hormone-independent survival and proliferation of TF-1 cells. We found that moderate elevation of [Ca2+]i by the addition of cyclopiasonic-acid protected TF1 cells from apoptosis. Furthermore, a higher, but transient elevation of [Ca2+]i by ionomycin treatment induced cell proliferation. In both cases caspase-3 activity was reduced, and Bcl-2 was upregulated. Higher elevation of [Ca2+]i by ionomycin induced MEK-dependent biphasic ERK1/2 activation, sufficient to move the cells from G0/G1 to S/M phases. Meanwhile, activation of ERK1/2, phosphorylation of the Elk-1 transcription factor, and, consequently, a substantial elevation of Egr-1 and c-Fos levels and AP-1 DNA binding were observed. Moderate elevation of [Ca2+]i, on the other hand, caused a delayed monophasic activation of ERK1/2 and Elk-1 that was accompanied with only a small increase of Egr-1 and c-Fos levels and AP-1 DNA binding. The specific MEK-1 kinase inhibitor, PD98059, inhibited all the effects of increasing [Ca2+]i, indicating that the MAPK/ERK pathway activation is essential for TF-1 cell survival and proliferation. Based on these results we suggest that the elevation of the [Ca2+]i may influence the cytokine dependence of hemopoietic progenitors and may contribute to pathological hematopoiesis.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)9235-9243
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Volume278
Issue number11
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 14 2003

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Cell Survival
Leukemia
Chemical activation
Cells
Cell Proliferation
Hormones
Calcium
Cell Line
Ionomycin
Transcription Factor AP-1
ets-Domain Protein Elk-1
MAP Kinase Kinase Kinase 1
Phosphorylation
MAP Kinase Signaling System
Interleukin-3
DNA
Mitogen-Activated Protein Kinase Kinases
Hematopoiesis
Cell proliferation
Granulocyte-Macrophage Colony-Stimulating Factor

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry

Cite this

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title = "Calcium induces cell survival and proliferation through the activation of the MAPK pathway in a human hormone-dependent leukemia cell line, TF-1",
abstract = "Survival and proliferation of cells of a human myeloerythroid CD34+ leukemia cell line (TF-1) depend on the presence of granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor or interleukin-3. Upon hormone withdrawal these cells stop proliferating and undergo apoptotic process. In this report we demonstrate that a controlled increase in [Ca2+]i induces hormone-independent survival and proliferation of TF-1 cells. We found that moderate elevation of [Ca2+]i by the addition of cyclopiasonic-acid protected TF1 cells from apoptosis. Furthermore, a higher, but transient elevation of [Ca2+]i by ionomycin treatment induced cell proliferation. In both cases caspase-3 activity was reduced, and Bcl-2 was upregulated. Higher elevation of [Ca2+]i by ionomycin induced MEK-dependent biphasic ERK1/2 activation, sufficient to move the cells from G0/G1 to S/M phases. Meanwhile, activation of ERK1/2, phosphorylation of the Elk-1 transcription factor, and, consequently, a substantial elevation of Egr-1 and c-Fos levels and AP-1 DNA binding were observed. Moderate elevation of [Ca2+]i, on the other hand, caused a delayed monophasic activation of ERK1/2 and Elk-1 that was accompanied with only a small increase of Egr-1 and c-Fos levels and AP-1 DNA binding. The specific MEK-1 kinase inhibitor, PD98059, inhibited all the effects of increasing [Ca2+]i, indicating that the MAPK/ERK pathway activation is essential for TF-1 cell survival and proliferation. Based on these results we suggest that the elevation of the [Ca2+]i may influence the cytokine dependence of hemopoietic progenitors and may contribute to pathological hematopoiesis.",
author = "{\'A}gota Ap{\'a}ti and Judit J{\'a}nossy and Anna Br{\'o}zik and Bauer, {P{\'a}l Imre} and M{\'a}ria Mag{\'o}csi",
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TY - JOUR

T1 - Calcium induces cell survival and proliferation through the activation of the MAPK pathway in a human hormone-dependent leukemia cell line, TF-1

AU - Apáti, Ágota

AU - Jánossy, Judit

AU - Brózik, Anna

AU - Bauer, Pál Imre

AU - Magócsi, Mária

PY - 2003/3/14

Y1 - 2003/3/14

N2 - Survival and proliferation of cells of a human myeloerythroid CD34+ leukemia cell line (TF-1) depend on the presence of granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor or interleukin-3. Upon hormone withdrawal these cells stop proliferating and undergo apoptotic process. In this report we demonstrate that a controlled increase in [Ca2+]i induces hormone-independent survival and proliferation of TF-1 cells. We found that moderate elevation of [Ca2+]i by the addition of cyclopiasonic-acid protected TF1 cells from apoptosis. Furthermore, a higher, but transient elevation of [Ca2+]i by ionomycin treatment induced cell proliferation. In both cases caspase-3 activity was reduced, and Bcl-2 was upregulated. Higher elevation of [Ca2+]i by ionomycin induced MEK-dependent biphasic ERK1/2 activation, sufficient to move the cells from G0/G1 to S/M phases. Meanwhile, activation of ERK1/2, phosphorylation of the Elk-1 transcription factor, and, consequently, a substantial elevation of Egr-1 and c-Fos levels and AP-1 DNA binding were observed. Moderate elevation of [Ca2+]i, on the other hand, caused a delayed monophasic activation of ERK1/2 and Elk-1 that was accompanied with only a small increase of Egr-1 and c-Fos levels and AP-1 DNA binding. The specific MEK-1 kinase inhibitor, PD98059, inhibited all the effects of increasing [Ca2+]i, indicating that the MAPK/ERK pathway activation is essential for TF-1 cell survival and proliferation. Based on these results we suggest that the elevation of the [Ca2+]i may influence the cytokine dependence of hemopoietic progenitors and may contribute to pathological hematopoiesis.

AB - Survival and proliferation of cells of a human myeloerythroid CD34+ leukemia cell line (TF-1) depend on the presence of granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor or interleukin-3. Upon hormone withdrawal these cells stop proliferating and undergo apoptotic process. In this report we demonstrate that a controlled increase in [Ca2+]i induces hormone-independent survival and proliferation of TF-1 cells. We found that moderate elevation of [Ca2+]i by the addition of cyclopiasonic-acid protected TF1 cells from apoptosis. Furthermore, a higher, but transient elevation of [Ca2+]i by ionomycin treatment induced cell proliferation. In both cases caspase-3 activity was reduced, and Bcl-2 was upregulated. Higher elevation of [Ca2+]i by ionomycin induced MEK-dependent biphasic ERK1/2 activation, sufficient to move the cells from G0/G1 to S/M phases. Meanwhile, activation of ERK1/2, phosphorylation of the Elk-1 transcription factor, and, consequently, a substantial elevation of Egr-1 and c-Fos levels and AP-1 DNA binding were observed. Moderate elevation of [Ca2+]i, on the other hand, caused a delayed monophasic activation of ERK1/2 and Elk-1 that was accompanied with only a small increase of Egr-1 and c-Fos levels and AP-1 DNA binding. The specific MEK-1 kinase inhibitor, PD98059, inhibited all the effects of increasing [Ca2+]i, indicating that the MAPK/ERK pathway activation is essential for TF-1 cell survival and proliferation. Based on these results we suggest that the elevation of the [Ca2+]i may influence the cytokine dependence of hemopoietic progenitors and may contribute to pathological hematopoiesis.

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