Calcium and phosphorus balance in the nutrition of the population in EU-25

Z. Szakály, H. B. Kovács, P. Biacs, S. Szakály

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle


There is relatively little information available on the amount and proportion of dietary calcium intake in the European Union. This incompleteness was intended to be made up for with introducing the dietary calcium and phosphorus intake of the population of the EU-25. On the basis of the observations the primary conclusion to be drawn is that calcium intake is lower than that of phosphorus due to the consumption habits in the European Union. The calcium and phosphorus ratio is between 1:1.36 and 1:2.01 instead of the optimal index (1:1) depending on the country. Between the best and worst situated countries there is a significant difference in daily calcium intake (1467 or 776 mg/capita). These data reflect that calcium intake on its own does not explain health status. A better indicator is the ratio of calcium and phosphorus. The problem is the inadequate dairy product consumption: the share of dairy products hardly exceeds 40% in the total food-derived calcium intake in numerous countries. Dairy products suited in the diet provide easily available source of calcium, although on their own these are still not enough. The reason for this is that the consumable amount of dairy products is limited. There is no other solution but to fortify dairy products with calcium.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)365-368
Number of pages4
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - Oct 8 2009


ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Food Science

Cite this

Szakály, Z., Kovács, H. B., Biacs, P., & Szakály, S. (2009). Calcium and phosphorus balance in the nutrition of the population in EU-25. Milchwissenschaft, 64(4), 365-368.