Ca2+ ion accumulation precedes formation of O•-2. in isolated brain mitochondria

Éva Szárics, Richárd Kovács, Ferenc Hajós, Julianna Kardos

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2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The relationship between mitochondrial Ca accumulation and reactive oxygen species formation is studied by means of fast kinetics with fluorescence detection. Succinate or elevated [Na] and [Ca] provided alternative conditions for induction of reactive oxygen species in isolated rat cerebrocortical mitochondria. Depending on Na/Ca exchanger and superoxide dismutase activities, formation of reactive oxygen species in mitochondria exposed to elevated [Na] and [Ca] levels was characterized by t1/2=12.3±2.9ms. Production of reactive oxygen species by xanthine oxidase followed a similar time course. Both the processes were blocked by para-benzoquinone, indicating the primary formation of O2•. Substantial increase in mitochondrial O2• was observed at [Ca]2.5μM. Mitochondrial Ca accumulation obeyed similar [Ca] dependence but shorter t1/2 (2.5±0.3ms), providing kinetic evidence for Ca accumulation-dependent primary formation of O2• in brain mitochondria.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1767-1771
Number of pages5
JournalNeuroreport
Volume17
Issue number17
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Nov 1 2006

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Keywords

  • Isolated brain mitochondria
  • Mitochondrial calcium ion accumulation
  • Stopped lowmeasurements
  • Subsecond kinetics
  • Superoxide production in mitochondria

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuroscience(all)

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