Vanadate induces the formation of two-dimensional crystalline arrays of Ca2+-ATPase molecules in sarcoplasmic reticulum. The Ca2+-ATPase membrane crystals are evenly distributed among the terminal cisternae and longitudinal tubules of sarcoplasmic reticulum, but very few crystals were observed in the T tubules. Tryptic cleavage of the Ca2+ transport ATPase into two major fragments (A and B) did not interfere with the vanadate-induced formation of membrane crystals. The ability of Ca2+-ATPase to crystallize was lost after further cleavage of the A fragment into the A1 and A2 subfragments that is known to be accompanied by loss of Ca2+ uptake. Vanadate (0.1-5 mM) inhibited the secondary cleavage of Ca2+-ATPase by trypsin suggesting that the susceptibility of the tryptic cleavage sites is influenced either by the conformation of the enzyme or by the formation of ATPase crystals.
|Number of pages||5|
|Journal||Journal of Biological Chemistry|
|Publication status||Published - Aug 25 1983|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Biology
- Cell Biology