MRP2, a member of the ABC protein superfamily, functions as an ATP-dependent export pump for anionic conjugates in the apical membranes of epithelial cells. It has been reported that the trafficking of MRP2 is modulated by PKC. Adjacent to the C-terminal PDZ binding motif, which may be involved in the targeting of MRP2, we found a potential PKC phosphorylation site (Ser1542). Therefore, we examined the interaction of MRP2 and its phosphorylation-mimicking mutants with different PDZ proteins (EBP50, E3KARP, PDZK1, IKEPP, β2-syntrophin, and SAP-97). The binding of these PDZ proteins to CFTR and ABCA1, other ABC proteins, possessing PDZ binding motif, was also studied. We observed a strong binding of apically localized PDZ proteins to both MRP2 and CFTR, whereas β2-syntrophin exhibited binding only to ABCA1. The phosphorylation-mimicking MRP2 mutant and a phosphorylated C-terminal MRP2 peptide showed significantly increased binding to IKEPP, EBP50, and both individual PDZ domains of EBP50. Our results suggest that phosphorylation of the MRP2 PDZ binding motif has a profound effect on the PDZ binding of MRP2.
|Number of pages||8|
|Journal||Biochemical and biophysical research communications|
|Publication status||Published - Mar 14 2003|
- Protein-protein interaction
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Biology
- Cell Biology