Acylated anhydro-aldononitriles (glycosyl cyanides) were transformed into anhydro-aldose tosylhydrazones by Raney-nickel reduction in the presence of tosylhydrazine in a one-pot reaction. The configuration of the C=N double bond in these hydrazones was E as proven by 15N-1H coupling constants as well as X-ray crystallography. Thermolysis in refluxing 1,4-dioxane of the sodium salts of the tosylhydrazones obtained by sodium hydride (generally 10 eq.) resulted in the formation of anhydro-1-deoxy-ald-1-enitols (exo-glycals). "Dimeric" N-glycosyl-methyl anhydro-aldose tosylhydrazones could also be isolated when the use of less base caused incomplete deprotonation of the starting compounds. This two-step procedure constitutes a novel, reasonably short synthetic pathway to acylated exo-glycals from the readily available glycosyl cyanides.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
- Organic Chemistry