High-mobility group box protein 1 (HMGB1) is a nuclear protein that may be released actively from monocytes and macrophages or passively from necrotic or damaged cells. Several experimental data suggest that burn injury is accompanied by elevated plasma HMGB, but there are only few data available about its changes in burned patients. The aim of this study was to follow the time course and the prognostic value of plasma HMGB1 and cytokine changes in patients with severe burn injury affecting more than 10% of body surface area (n = 26). Blood samples were taken on admission and on the following 5 days. Plasma HMGB1 concentration was measured by the enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay method, whereas IL-6, IL-8, and IL-10 were assayed by the cytometric bead array kit. The HMGB1 and IL-10 concentrations were elevated on admission and gradually decreased thereafter. Significant differences were observed between survivors and nonsurvivors in HMGB1 (P < 0.01) and IL-10 (P < 0.001) concentrations on admission with higher levels in nonsurvivors. IL-6 and IL-8 started to increase markedly from day 2. Positive correlation (r = 0.669, P < 0.01) was found between burned body surface and HMGB1 on admission. Receiver operating characteristic analysis of data on admission showed that at a level of 16 ng/mL, HMGB1 indicated lethality, with 75.0% sensitivity and 85.7% specificity. Using the cutoff level of 14 pg/mL, IL-10 predicted intensive care unit mortality, with 85.7% sensitivity and 84.2% specificity. Very early HMGB1 and IL-10 release may have an important impact on the immune function of patients after burn trauma.
- Burn injury
- High-mobility group box protein 1
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Emergency Medicine
- Critical Care and Intensive Care Medicine