Bronze Age volcanic event recorded in stalagmites by combined isotope and trace element studies

Zoltán Siklósy, A. Demény, Torsten W. Vennemann, Sebastien Pilet, Jan Kramers, Szabolcs Leél-Ossy, Méria Bondár, Chuan Chou Shen, Ernst Hegner

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

25 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Stable isotope analyses of speleothems (carbonate deposits formed in caves) have been widely used to reconstruct paleoenvironmental conditions. Recent improvements in geochemicai techniques have enabled us to analyze climate-influenced deposits at high temporal resolution so that hitherto unrecognized environmental conditions may be identified. Stable H, C and O isotope analyses on carbonate and inclusion water have been combined with multicollector inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (MC-ICP-MS) age dating and laser-ablation ICP-MS trace element analyses on a stalagmite from southern Hungary. The study reveals significant changes in chemical and isotopic compositions of the speleothem between approx. 3800 and 3500 years BP ('Before Present') indicating coupled changes in the temperature and precipitation regime under which the speleothem formed. Stable isotopic and trace element correlations within this time period correlate with similar studies of stalagmites of comparable age from the Alpine-Mediterranean region. Our studies suggest that traces of deposition of volcanic dust, possibly related to the Thera eruption of Santorini (Greece) ca. 1650 BC (∼3650 BP), and environmental changes can be detected at a distance of several thousand kilometers.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)801-808
Number of pages8
JournalRapid Communications in Mass Spectrometry
Volume23
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun 23 2009

Fingerprint

Carbonates
Trace Elements
Bronze
Isotopes
Deposits
Inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry
Caves
Laser ablation
Dust
Water
Chemical analysis
Temperature

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Spectroscopy
  • Analytical Chemistry
  • Organic Chemistry

Cite this

Bronze Age volcanic event recorded in stalagmites by combined isotope and trace element studies. / Siklósy, Zoltán; Demény, A.; Vennemann, Torsten W.; Pilet, Sebastien; Kramers, Jan; Leél-Ossy, Szabolcs; Bondár, Méria; Shen, Chuan Chou; Hegner, Ernst.

In: Rapid Communications in Mass Spectrometry, Vol. 23, No. 6, 23.06.2009, p. 801-808.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Siklósy, Z, Demény, A, Vennemann, TW, Pilet, S, Kramers, J, Leél-Ossy, S, Bondár, M, Shen, CC & Hegner, E 2009, 'Bronze Age volcanic event recorded in stalagmites by combined isotope and trace element studies', Rapid Communications in Mass Spectrometry, vol. 23, no. 6, pp. 801-808. https://doi.org/10.1002/rcm.3943
Siklósy, Zoltán ; Demény, A. ; Vennemann, Torsten W. ; Pilet, Sebastien ; Kramers, Jan ; Leél-Ossy, Szabolcs ; Bondár, Méria ; Shen, Chuan Chou ; Hegner, Ernst. / Bronze Age volcanic event recorded in stalagmites by combined isotope and trace element studies. In: Rapid Communications in Mass Spectrometry. 2009 ; Vol. 23, No. 6. pp. 801-808.
@article{1503f768abf94613966259715b2e0fb6,
title = "Bronze Age volcanic event recorded in stalagmites by combined isotope and trace element studies",
abstract = "Stable isotope analyses of speleothems (carbonate deposits formed in caves) have been widely used to reconstruct paleoenvironmental conditions. Recent improvements in geochemicai techniques have enabled us to analyze climate-influenced deposits at high temporal resolution so that hitherto unrecognized environmental conditions may be identified. Stable H, C and O isotope analyses on carbonate and inclusion water have been combined with multicollector inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (MC-ICP-MS) age dating and laser-ablation ICP-MS trace element analyses on a stalagmite from southern Hungary. The study reveals significant changes in chemical and isotopic compositions of the speleothem between approx. 3800 and 3500 years BP ('Before Present') indicating coupled changes in the temperature and precipitation regime under which the speleothem formed. Stable isotopic and trace element correlations within this time period correlate with similar studies of stalagmites of comparable age from the Alpine-Mediterranean region. Our studies suggest that traces of deposition of volcanic dust, possibly related to the Thera eruption of Santorini (Greece) ca. 1650 BC (∼3650 BP), and environmental changes can be detected at a distance of several thousand kilometers.",
author = "Zolt{\'a}n Sikl{\'o}sy and A. Dem{\'e}ny and Vennemann, {Torsten W.} and Sebastien Pilet and Jan Kramers and Szabolcs Le{\'e}l-Ossy and M{\'e}ria Bond{\'a}r and Shen, {Chuan Chou} and Ernst Hegner",
year = "2009",
month = "6",
day = "23",
doi = "10.1002/rcm.3943",
language = "English",
volume = "23",
pages = "801--808",
journal = "Rapid Communications in Mass Spectrometry",
issn = "0951-4198",
publisher = "John Wiley and Sons Ltd",
number = "6",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Bronze Age volcanic event recorded in stalagmites by combined isotope and trace element studies

AU - Siklósy, Zoltán

AU - Demény, A.

AU - Vennemann, Torsten W.

AU - Pilet, Sebastien

AU - Kramers, Jan

AU - Leél-Ossy, Szabolcs

AU - Bondár, Méria

AU - Shen, Chuan Chou

AU - Hegner, Ernst

PY - 2009/6/23

Y1 - 2009/6/23

N2 - Stable isotope analyses of speleothems (carbonate deposits formed in caves) have been widely used to reconstruct paleoenvironmental conditions. Recent improvements in geochemicai techniques have enabled us to analyze climate-influenced deposits at high temporal resolution so that hitherto unrecognized environmental conditions may be identified. Stable H, C and O isotope analyses on carbonate and inclusion water have been combined with multicollector inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (MC-ICP-MS) age dating and laser-ablation ICP-MS trace element analyses on a stalagmite from southern Hungary. The study reveals significant changes in chemical and isotopic compositions of the speleothem between approx. 3800 and 3500 years BP ('Before Present') indicating coupled changes in the temperature and precipitation regime under which the speleothem formed. Stable isotopic and trace element correlations within this time period correlate with similar studies of stalagmites of comparable age from the Alpine-Mediterranean region. Our studies suggest that traces of deposition of volcanic dust, possibly related to the Thera eruption of Santorini (Greece) ca. 1650 BC (∼3650 BP), and environmental changes can be detected at a distance of several thousand kilometers.

AB - Stable isotope analyses of speleothems (carbonate deposits formed in caves) have been widely used to reconstruct paleoenvironmental conditions. Recent improvements in geochemicai techniques have enabled us to analyze climate-influenced deposits at high temporal resolution so that hitherto unrecognized environmental conditions may be identified. Stable H, C and O isotope analyses on carbonate and inclusion water have been combined with multicollector inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (MC-ICP-MS) age dating and laser-ablation ICP-MS trace element analyses on a stalagmite from southern Hungary. The study reveals significant changes in chemical and isotopic compositions of the speleothem between approx. 3800 and 3500 years BP ('Before Present') indicating coupled changes in the temperature and precipitation regime under which the speleothem formed. Stable isotopic and trace element correlations within this time period correlate with similar studies of stalagmites of comparable age from the Alpine-Mediterranean region. Our studies suggest that traces of deposition of volcanic dust, possibly related to the Thera eruption of Santorini (Greece) ca. 1650 BC (∼3650 BP), and environmental changes can be detected at a distance of several thousand kilometers.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=64149109127&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=64149109127&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1002/rcm.3943

DO - 10.1002/rcm.3943

M3 - Article

C2 - 19219896

AN - SCOPUS:64149109127

VL - 23

SP - 801

EP - 808

JO - Rapid Communications in Mass Spectrometry

JF - Rapid Communications in Mass Spectrometry

SN - 0951-4198

IS - 6

ER -