Broadband frequency dependence of respiratory impedance in rats

Cindy Thamrin, Peter D. Sly, Z. Hantos

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

8 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Past studies in humans and other species have revealed the presence of resonances and antiresonances, i.e., minima and maxima in respiratory system impedance (Zrs), at frequencies much higher than those commonly employed in clinical applications of the forced oscillation technique (FOT). To help understand the mechanisms behind the first occurrence of antiresonance in the Zrs spectrum, the frequency response of the rat was studied by using FOT at both low and high frequencies. We measured Zrs in both Wistar and PVG/c rats using the wave tube technique, with a FOT signal ranging from 2 to 900 Hz. We then compared the high-frequency parameters, i.e., the first antiresonant frequency (far,1) and the resistive part of Zrs at that frequency [Rrs(far,1)], with parameters obtained by fitting a modified constant-phase model to low-frequency Zrs spectra. The far,1 was 570 ± 43 (SD) Hz and 456 ± 16 Hz in Wistar and PVG/c rats, respectively, and it did not shift with respiratory gases of different densities (air, heliox, and a mixture of SF6). The far,1 and Rrs-(far,1) were relatively independent of methacholine-induced bronchoconstriction but changed significantly with increasing transrespiratory pressures up to 20 cmH2O, in the same way as airway resistance but independently of changes to tissue parameters. These results suggest that, unlike the human situation, the first antiresonance in the rat is not primarily dependent on the acoustic dimensions of the respiratory system and can be explained by interactions between compliances and inertances localized to the airways, but this most likely does not include airway wall compliance.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1364-1371
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Applied Physiology
Volume99
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2005

Fingerprint

Electric Impedance
Respiratory System
Compliance
Airway Resistance
Bronchoconstriction
Methacholine Chloride
Acoustics
Gases
Air
Pressure

Keywords

  • Antiresonance
  • Forced oscillation
  • High frequency

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Endocrinology
  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine
  • Physical Therapy, Sports Therapy and Rehabilitation

Cite this

Broadband frequency dependence of respiratory impedance in rats. / Thamrin, Cindy; Sly, Peter D.; Hantos, Z.

In: Journal of Applied Physiology, Vol. 99, No. 4, 10.2005, p. 1364-1371.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Thamrin, Cindy ; Sly, Peter D. ; Hantos, Z. / Broadband frequency dependence of respiratory impedance in rats. In: Journal of Applied Physiology. 2005 ; Vol. 99, No. 4. pp. 1364-1371.
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