Hybrids were constructed between auxotrophic mutants of a heterothallic distiller's strain and a homothallic wine yeast. The hybridization resulted in a significant increase in both ethanol production and tolerance against exogenous ethanol. The hybrids were heterogeneous in ploidy, probably due to segregation of aneuploids during culturing. Sporulation of the hybrids broke down the high productivity, producing spore clones that were mostly of various intermediate levels of performance. However, a meiotic product superior to both crossing partners was also found. The results demonstrate that fermentation capacity can be improved by crossing with a low performance strain.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology