Breakfast habits among European adolescents and their association with sociodemographic factors: The HELENA (Healthy Lifestyle in Europe by Nutrition in Adolescence) study

Lena Hallström, Carine A. Vereecken, Idoia Labayen, Jonatan R. Ruiz, Cinzia Le Donne, Magdalena Cuenca García, Chantal C. Gilbert, Sonia Gómez Martínez, Eva Grammatikaki, Inge Huybrechts, Anthony Kafatos, Mathilde Kersting, Yannis Manios, Dénes Molnár, Emma Patterson, Kurt Widhalm, Tineke De Vriendt, Luis A. Moreno, Michael Sjöström

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

28 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objective To describe breakfast habits at food group level in European adolescents and to investigate the associations between these habits and sociodemographic factors. Design Cross-sectional study. Setting Secondary schools from nine European cities participating in the HELENA (Healthy Lifestyle in Europe by Nutrition in Adolescence) Study. Breakfast habits were assessed twice using a computer-based 24 h dietary recall. Adolescents who consumed breakfast on at least one recall day were classified as 'breakfast consumers' and adolescents who did not have anything for breakfast on either of the two recall days were considered 'breakfast skippers'. A 'breakfast quality index' to describe breakfast quality was created based on the consumption or non-consumption of cereals/cereal products, dairy products and fruits/vegetables. The sociodemographic factors studied were sex, age, region of Europe, maternal and paternal education, family structure and family affluence. Subjects Adolescents (n 2672, 53 % girls) aged 12-17 years. Results The majority of the adolescents reported a breakfast that scored poorly on the breakfast quality index. Older adolescents, adolescents from the southern part of Europe and adolescents from families with low socio-economic status were more likely to consume a low-quality breakfast. Conclusions The study highlights the need to promote the consumption of a high-quality breakfast among adolescents, particularly in older adolescents, adolescents from southern Europe and adolescents from families with low socio-economic status, in order to improve public health.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1879-1889
Number of pages11
JournalPublic Health Nutrition
Volume15
Issue number10
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct 1 2012

Keywords

  • Dietary habits
  • Food groups
  • Socio-economic
  • Teenager

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Nutrition and Dietetics
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

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    Hallström, L., Vereecken, C. A., Labayen, I., Ruiz, J. R., Le Donne, C., García, M. C., Gilbert, C. C., Martínez, S. G., Grammatikaki, E., Huybrechts, I., Kafatos, A., Kersting, M., Manios, Y., Molnár, D., Patterson, E., Widhalm, K., De Vriendt, T., Moreno, L. A., & Sjöström, M. (2012). Breakfast habits among European adolescents and their association with sociodemographic factors: The HELENA (Healthy Lifestyle in Europe by Nutrition in Adolescence) study. Public Health Nutrition, 15(10), 1879-1889. https://doi.org/10.1017/S1368980012000341