Breakdown of bioenergetics evoked by mitochondrial damage in acute pancreatitis: Mechanisms and consequences

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Abstract

Acute pancreatitis is a severe inflammatory disease with unacceptably high mortality and without specific therapy. Clinical studies revealed that energy supplementation of patients via enteral feeding decreases systemic infections, multi-organ failure and mortality. These clinical observations have been supported by invitro and invivo experimental studies which showed that the most common pancreatitis inducing factors, such as bile acids, ethanol and non-oxidative ethanol metabolites induce intracellular ATP depletion and mitochondrial damage both in pancreatic acinar and ductal cells. Notably, the invitro supplementation of ATP prevented the cellular damage and restored cell functions in both cell types. These observations suggest that either prevention of mitochondrial damage or restoration of intracellular ATP level might provide therapeutical benefits.

Original languageEnglish
JournalPancreatology
Volume15
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jul 1 2015

Keywords

  • ATP
  • Bile acids
  • Bioenergetics
  • Ethanol
  • Mitochondria
  • Pancreatitis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
  • Hepatology
  • Gastroenterology

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