Brainstem and Cranial Nerves

C. Matesz, G. Szekely

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter


In this article the following characteristics of brain stem motor neuron pools innervating different structures are considered: the specific functions performed by the target muscles of motor neurons, the morphology of individual neurons constituting the neuron pool, and the genetic profile of neurons in that pool. This complex approach reveals a number of minor details which help make distinction among motor neurons classified in a common group but which control different muscles, and it reveals a parallelism in the evolution of the peripheral target and the central neuronal structure. Differences in the genetic profile of motor neurons controlling different actions are also discussed.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationEncyclopedia of Neuroscience
PublisherElsevier Ltd
Number of pages7
ISBN (Print)9780080450469
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 2009


  • Afferent system
  • Brain stem
  • Cranial nerves
  • Efferent system
  • Form and function
  • Genetics
  • Motor neuron diversity
  • Spinal cord

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuroscience(all)

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  • Cite this

    Matesz, C., & Szekely, G. (2009). Brainstem and Cranial Nerves. In Encyclopedia of Neuroscience (pp. 449-455). Elsevier Ltd.