Brain and core temperatures and peripheral vasomotion during sleep and wakefulness at various ambient temperatures in the rat

Péter Alföldi, György Rubicsek, Gábor Cserni, Ferenc Obál

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

96 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Changes in brain, core and tail skin temperatures (Tbr, Tc and Tt) associated with transitions in the arousal states were recorded in rats throughout the 24-h diurnal cycle at 10 °C, 21 °C and 29 °C. Falling asleep was accompanied by decreases in both Tbr and Tc and vasodilation at 10 δC and 21 °C. At 29 °C, tail vessels were permanently dilated, and further dilation was not found on sleep onset. Tbr and Tc, however, continued to decrease during non-rapid-eye-movement sleep (NREMS); these changes are likely to result from reductions in heat production and increased conductive heat loss. The changes in Tbr, Tc and Tt on awakening mirrored those on falling asleep. It is suggested that the suppression of sleep in the cold and the enhancement of NREMS in the heat promote thermoregulation. Rapid-eye-movement sleep (REMS) was associated with sharp rises in Tbr. The rise in Tbr was the largest in the cold and was attenuated at 29 °C. Tc decreased and Tt increased in the cold, whereas Tc tended to increase and Tt to decrease in the heat. The paradoxical peripheral vasomotion during REMS supports previous suggestions on severe thermoregulatory impairment during REMS in other species.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)336-341
Number of pages6
JournalPflügers Archiv European Journal of Physiology
Volume417
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Nov 1 1990

Keywords

  • Ambient temperature
  • Body temperature
  • Brain temperature
  • Sleep
  • Thermoregulation
  • Vasomotion

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Clinical Biochemistry
  • Physiology (medical)

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