The effect of permanent bradycardia on the proarrhythmic action of endothelin-1 (ET) was investigated in 24 open-chest anesthetized mongrel dogs. In 12 dogs, permanent bradycardia was induced by radiofrequency ablation of the AV node and the hearts were paced at 70 beats/min. ET (60 pmol/ min) was infused into the left anterior descending coronary artery. Blood pressure, coronary blood flow (CBF), and atrial and ventricular epicardial surface ECG were recorded continuously. Polymorphous ventricular tachycardia developed in every dog with permanent bradycardia, and ventricular fibrillation terminated the experiments in 11 cases. Bradycardia prolonged the basal QT but there was no difference in the frequency corrected QTc time between the two groups. ET prolonged the QT time in a similar fashion in both groups. In the control group, six dogs developed sustained ventricular tachycardias and ventricular fibrillation occurred in nine cases. EADP was found in six cases of eight registered. Signs of myocardial ischemia did not accompany the development of arrhythmias. We conclude that permanent bradycardia augments the direct proarrhythmic effect of ET in dogs.
- Cardiac arrhythmia
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine