Both translocon and a cation channel are involved in the passive Ca2+ leak from the endoplasmic reticulum: A mechanistic study on rat liver microsomes

Roberta Giunti, Alessandra Gamberucci, Rosella Fulceri, G. Bánhegyi, Angelo Benedetti

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

36 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Steady-state levels of calcium ions in endoplasmic reticulum reflect a balance between active inward transport, mediated by MgATP-dependent Ca2+ pumps, and passive backflux of the ions, through putative "leak channels". We have investigated the efflux of Ca2+ from rat liver microsomal vesicles, passively pre-equilibrated in the presence radiolabelled Ca2+. Similarly, we have also evaluated the efflux of a low-Mwt uncharged compound, i.e., sucrose. The results show that two major passive Ca2+ efflux pathways exist. One appeared to involve the translocon pore, since it was stimulated by the translocon opener puromycin, and also allowed the passage of sucrose. Putative channels likely mediated the other one, since it required counter ion influx and was inhibited by Gd3+ and La3+. The latter pathway did not appear to involve inactive Ca2+ pumps, Bcl2 proteins, or known channels, such as the InsP3 and ryanodine receptors. While sucrose efflux was highly represented in a rough microsomal subfraction-enriched in the translocon component Sec61α-the efflux of Ca2+ was represented both in smooth and in rough microsomes. We conclude that the passive efflux of Ca2+ from the (liver) ER could be mediated by both the translocon pore and putative Ca2+ leak channels. However, the relative role of these Ca2+ efflux pathways in the intact cell as well as the molecular nature of the Ca2+ leak channel(s) remain to be clarified.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)115-121
Number of pages7
JournalArchives of Biochemistry and Biophysics
Volume462
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun 1 2007

Fingerprint

Liver Microsomes
Endoplasmic Reticulum
Liver
Sucrose
Cations
Rats
Ions
Pumps
Puromycin
Ryanodine Receptor Calcium Release Channel
Radiation counters
Active Biological Transport
Microsomes
Adenosine Triphosphate
Calcium
Proteins

Keywords

  • Calcium leak
  • Cation channels
  • Endoplasmic reticulum
  • Liver microsomes
  • Translocon pore

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Biophysics
  • Molecular Biology

Cite this

Both translocon and a cation channel are involved in the passive Ca2+ leak from the endoplasmic reticulum : A mechanistic study on rat liver microsomes. / Giunti, Roberta; Gamberucci, Alessandra; Fulceri, Rosella; Bánhegyi, G.; Benedetti, Angelo.

In: Archives of Biochemistry and Biophysics, Vol. 462, No. 1, 01.06.2007, p. 115-121.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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