Purpose: Donor site pain affects 32–43 % of patients after anterior cruciate ligament surgery when the autograft is freshly harvested bone-patellar tendon-bone tissue. Our aim was to compare functional and morphological differences between donor sites with and without serum albumin-coated bone allograft filling. Methods: After harvesting and implanting the graft, the tibia site was filled with either fresh autologous cancellous bone enhanced with albumin-coated allograft or autologous bone alone. The patella site was filled either with albumin-coated allograft or with blood clot. Knee function was evaluated by the VISA, Lysholm and IKDC scores and a visual analog scale of pain during standing, kneeling and crouching after six weeks and six months. Computed tomography was performed at six months for morphological evaluation. Results: At six weeks, both groups were still recovering from surgery and the overall knee function was still impaired but the functional scores were significantly higher in the Bone-Albumin group. The pain with crouching and kneeling was also lower as compared to controls. At six months, the knee function scores were close to normal, with a slight decrease in the controls. Pain at kneeling was still prominent in the controls, but significantly lower in the Bone-Albumin group. Computed tomography showed significantly smaller bone defects and higher bone density in the Bone-Albumin group. Conclusions: Results from the present study indicate that donor site pain, a disturbing long-term side effect of bone-patellar tendon-bone surgery, is significantly reduced if bone buildup in the patella and the tibia is augmented by serum albumin-coated bone allografts.
- Anterior cruciate ligament
- Bone allograft
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Orthopedics and Sports Medicine