Aim: Introduction of the two cycles (Bachelor/Master) system represents sensitive aspect of the implementation of the Bologna process into higher health education. The authors used the methods of evidence based medicine to analyse available documents on the implementation of the Bologna process into the education of health sciences. Methods: Electronic search in the closed MEDLINE and open Internet databases. Results: Electronic data collection resulted in so-called country reports (n = 47) and in professional statements (n = 7) of health education bodies. Majority of the country reports (n = 26) did not mention at all the peculiar position of health education within the Bologna process. Many country reports stated with (n = 8) or without (n = 9) explanation that health sciences should be excluded from the introduction of the two educational cycles system. Only 4 country reports discussed future conditions and possibilities of introducing the two cycles system into higher health education; the German country report definitely declared that the two cycles educational system may be introduced also into health education. The seven statements of professional health educational bodies (including an ad hoc committee of the Hungarian medical faculties) did not support the introduction of the two cycles system into health education. The low demand for health professionals with Bachelor (i.e. unfinished) degree was repeatedly mentioned as strong argument for not introducing the two cycles system into health education. It should be noted, however, that the process of introducing the two cycles system has began: recent survey of EUA (European University Association) indicates that in three countries (Denmark, Flanders and Switzerland) the introduction in under current discussion. Conclusion: Among the principles of the Bologna process, the introduction of the two cycles system has not gain acceptance in the higher health education in Europe. However, most documents firmly support the introduction of other elements of the Bologna process (comparable degrees, system of credits, promotion of mobility of students and tutors, quality control, life long learning).
|Translated title of the contribution||Bologna process and higher health education in Europe|
|Number of pages||5|
|Publication status||Published - Aug 27 2006|
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