Body sodium, atrial natriuretic peptide and blood pressure in diabetes mellitus.

R. De Châtel, M. Tóth, I. Barna, A. Tislér

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Abstract

Diabetes mellitus (DM) is frequently associated with hypertension for which an independent pathomechanism has been suggested. We studied 26 patients with insulin-dependent (IDDM) and 18 patients with non-insulin-dependent (NIDDM) uncomplicated DM; all patients were in metabolic balance and none of them had hypertension. Exchangeable body sodium (NaE was estimated by isotope dilution, using appr. 1.1 Mbq 24NA. In a subset of 8 IDDM and 8 NIDDM patients atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP) plasma concentration was determined prior to and after the infusion of 2000 ml physiological saline over 2 hr. NaE was significantly increased both in IDDM and NIDDM patients (104.4 +/- 11.4% and 109.9 +/- 8.0% of the normal value for healthy subjects of identical body surface area; p < 0.05 and < 0.001 resp.). Mean blood pressure (MBP) correlated significantly with NaE in both groups (r = 0.364 and r = 0.520; p < 0.05 and < 0.025, resp.) but not in healthy control subjects (r = 0.112; N.S.). Resting ANP levels were not significantly different in IDDM (34.9 +/- 11.3 pg/ml), NIDDM (42.6 +/- 11.7 pg/ml) or control subjects (40.9 +/- 17.2 pg/ml) however the infusion of saline resulted in a significantly greater increase of plasma ANP in the NIDDM patients (to 82.9 +/- 43.2 pg/ml; P < 0.01) than in the controls (55.6 +/- 23.7 pg/ml; P < 0.01) which was associated with a significantly less increase in sodium excretion (UNAV) in the NIDDM patients (+86% vs. 3170%; P < 0.02) indicating down-regulation of ANP receptors in the kidney of NIDDM patients.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)153-161
Number of pages9
JournalActa bio-medica de L'Ateneo parmense : organo della Società di medicina e scienze naturali di Parma
Volume63
Issue number1-2
Publication statusPublished - 1992

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

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