Blood Collection and Cell-Free DNA Isolation Methods Influence the Sensitivity of Liquid Biopsy Analysis for Colorectal Cancer Detection

Barbara Kinga Barták, Alexandra Kalmár, Orsolya Galamb, Barnabás Wichmann, Zsófia Brigitta Nagy, Zsolt Tulassay, Magdolna Dank, Péter Igaz, Béla Molnár

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6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

During colorectal cancer (CRC) development tumor-derived cell-free DNA (cfDNA) can be released into the bloodstream. Many different cfDNA isolation methods and specific blood collection tubes preventing the release of genomic DNA and stabilizing cfDNA with preservative reagents became available. These factors may affect greatly on the further liquid biopsy analyses. Our aim was to test different blood collection tubes and cfDNA isolation methods to determine whether these factors influence the cfDNA amount and the promoter methylation of four previously described hypermethylated biomarkers. Three manual isolation methods (High Pure Viral Nucleic Acid Large Volume Kit; Epi proColon 2.0 Kit; Quick-cfDNA™ Serum & Plasma Kit) and automated sample preparation systems (InviGenius and InviGenius PLUS) were examined. Furthermore, K3EDTA Vacuette tubes and Streck Cell-Free DNA BCT® tubes were compared. After cfDNA isolation and bisulfite conversion of samples, the methylation level of SFRP1, SFRP2, SDC2, and PRIMA1 were defined with MethyLight assays. We have ascertained that there are differences between the cfDNA amounts depending on the isolation methods. Higher cfDNA yield was observed using InviGenius system than column-based manual isolation method; however, InviGenius PLUS has produced lower cfDNA amounts. No remarkable variance could be found between K3EDTA and Streck tubes; slightly higher cfDNA quantity was detected in 60% of plasma samples using Streck tubes. In point of methylation level and frequency, manual column-based isolation produced more consistent results. Automated cfDNA extraction systems are easy-to-use and high-throughput; however, further improvements in the isolation protocols might lead to the increase of the sensitivity of further methylation analysis.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)915-923
Number of pages9
JournalPathology and Oncology Research
Volume25
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jul 15 2019

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Keywords

  • Blood collection
  • Colorectal cancer
  • DNA methylation
  • Liquid biopsy
  • Plasma
  • cfDNA isolation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pathology and Forensic Medicine
  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research

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