We report on a female patient with blepharophimosis mental retardation syndrome of Say/Barber/Biesecker/Young-Simpson (SBBYS) type. Main findings in her were marked developmental delay, blepharophimosis, ptosis, cleft palate, external auditory canal stenosis, small and malformed teeth, hypothyroidism, hearing impairment, and joint limitations. We performed diffusion tensor magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and tractography of the brain which showed inappropriate myelination and disturbed white matter integrity. Cytogenetic analysis, subtelomeric fluorescence in situ hybridization and comparative genomic hybridization failed to identify an abnormality. It remains uncertain whether the MRI findings are specific to the present patient or form part of the SBBYS syndrome.
- Diffusion tensor magnetic resonance imaging
- Mental retardation
ASJC Scopus subject areas