Bistable solutions for the electron energy distribution function in electron swarms in xenon: A comparison between the results of first-principles particle simulations and conventional Boltzmann equation analysis

Nikolay Dyatko, Zoltán Donkó

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

At low reduced electric fields the electron energy distribution function in heavy noble gases can take two distinct shapes. This 'bistability effect' - in which electron-electron (Coulomb) collisions play an essential role - is analyzed here for Xe with a Boltzmann equation approach and with a first principles particle simulation method. The solution of the Boltzmann equation adopts the usual approximations of (i) searching for the distribution function in the form of two terms ('two-term approximation'), (ii) neglecting the Coulomb part of the collision integral for the anisotropic part of the distribution function, (iii) treating Coulomb collisions as binary events, and (iv) truncating the range of the electron-electron interaction beyond a characteristic distance. The particle-based simulation method avoids these approximations: the many-body interactions within the electron gas with a true (un-truncated) Coulomb potential are described by a molecular dynamics algorithm, while the collisions between electrons and the background gas atoms are treated with Monte Carlo simulation. We find a good general agreement between the results of the two techniques, which confirms, to a certain extent, the approximations used in the solution of the Boltzmann equation. The differences observed between the results are believed to originate from these approximations and from the presence of statistical noise in the particle simulations.

Original languageEnglish
Article number045002
JournalPlasma Sources Science and Technology
Volume24
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Aug 1 2015

Keywords

  • electron energy distribution function
  • electron swarm
  • kinetic theory

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Condensed Matter Physics

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