Birth weight and renal function

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

28 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Low birth weight due to premature birth or to intrauterine growth retardation adversely affects normal renal development. In the period immediately after birth, the short-term renal-related consequences of low birth weight are an increased risk of acute renal failure as well as transient imbalance of fluid and electrolyte homeostasis. Epidemiological studies show that low birth weight adults are at risk of developing chronic renal disease. There are thought to be several causes for this phenomenon. Adult low birth weight subjects have an increased incidence of hypertension and type 2 diabetes, both of which are well-established risk factors for chronic renal injury. Moreover, interference with normal kidney development, as seen in low birth weight babies, results in a lower than normal number of nephrons, which might also play a role in the renal disturbances.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)347-352
Number of pages6
JournalCurrent Opinion in Nephrology and Hypertension
Volume11
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2002

Fingerprint

Low Birth Weight Infant
Birth Weight
Kidney
Fetal Growth Retardation
Nephrons
Premature Birth
Chronic Renal Insufficiency
Acute Kidney Injury
Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus
Electrolytes
Epidemiologic Studies
Homeostasis
Parturition
Hypertension
Incidence
Wounds and Injuries

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Internal Medicine
  • Nephrology

Cite this

Birth weight and renal function. / Tulassay, T.; Vásárhelyi, B.

In: Current Opinion in Nephrology and Hypertension, Vol. 11, No. 3, 2002, p. 347-352.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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