Biosynthesis of magnetic nanostructures in a foreign organism by transfer of bacterial magnetosome gene clusters

Isabel Kolinko, Anna Lohße, Sarah Borg, Oliver Raschdorf, Christian Jogler, Qiang Tu, Mihály Pósfai, Éva Tompa, Jürgen M. Plitzko, Andreas Brachmann, Gerhard Wanner, Rolf Müller, Youming Zhang, Dirk Schüler

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

109 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The synthetic production of monodisperse single magnetic domain nanoparticles at ambient temperature is challenging. In nature, magnetosomes - membrane-bound magnetic nanocrystals with unprecedented magnetic properties - can be biomineralized by magnetotactic bacteria. However, these microbes are difficult to handle. Expression of the underlying biosynthetic pathway from these fastidious microorganisms within other organisms could therefore greatly expand their nanotechnological and biomedical applications. So far, this has been hindered by the structural and genetic complexity of the magnetosome organelle and insufficient knowledge of the biosynthetic functions involved. Here, we show that the ability to biomineralize highly ordered magnetic nanostructures can be transferred to a foreign recipient. Expression of a minimal set of genes from the magnetotactic bacterium Magnetospirillum gryphiswaldense resulted in magnetosome biosynthesis within the photosynthetic model organism Rhodospirillum rubrum. Our findings will enable the sustainable production of tailored magnetic nanostructures in biotechnologically relevant hosts and represent a step towards the endogenous magnetization of various organisms by synthetic biology.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)193-197
Number of pages5
JournalNature Nanotechnology
Volume9
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2014

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Bioengineering
  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics
  • Biomedical Engineering
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

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  • Cite this

    Kolinko, I., Lohße, A., Borg, S., Raschdorf, O., Jogler, C., Tu, Q., Pósfai, M., Tompa, É., Plitzko, J. M., Brachmann, A., Wanner, G., Müller, R., Zhang, Y., & Schüler, D. (2014). Biosynthesis of magnetic nanostructures in a foreign organism by transfer of bacterial magnetosome gene clusters. Nature Nanotechnology, 9(3), 193-197. https://doi.org/10.1038/nnano.2014.13