Biosensoric potential of microbial fuel cells

György Schneider, Tamás Kovács, Gábor Rákhely, Miklós Czeller

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

13 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Recent progress in microbial fuel cell (MFC) technology has highlighted the potential of these devices to be used as biosensors. The advantages of MFC-based biosensors are that they are phenotypic and can function in either assay- or flow-through formats. These features make them appropriate for contiguous on-line monitoring in laboratories and for in-field applications. The selectivity of an MFC biosensor depends on the applied microorganisms in the anodic compartment where electron transfer (ET) between the artificial surface (anode) and bacterium occurs. This process strongly determines the internal resistance of the sensoric system and thus influences signal outcome and response time. Despite their beneficial characteristics, the number of MFC-based biosensoric applications has been limited until now. The aim of this mini-review is to turn attention to the biosensoric potential of MFCs by summarizing ET mechanisms on which recently established and future sensoric devices are based.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)7001-7009
Number of pages9
JournalApplied Microbiology and Biotechnology
Volume100
Issue number16
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Aug 1 2016

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Keywords

  • Biosensor
  • Diagnostic
  • Electron transfer
  • MFC
  • On-line
  • Phenotypic

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biotechnology
  • Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology

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