Biologically active luteinizing hormone (LH) in plasma. IV. Comparison with immunologically active LH in plasma of men

G. Bartfai, D. M. Robertson, E. Diczfalusy

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A comparison was made between an in vitro bioassay method of LH activity of male plasma. The in vitro bioassay was based on the LH-stimulated production of testosterone by interstitial cells obtained from mouse testes. The RIA procedure consisted of a non-equilibrium procedure employing an antiserum with high specificity and a well characterized iodinated hLH tracer. A highly purified hLH preparation (hLH 1st IRP imm.) was used as standard with both procedures. Parallel line assays were performed with both methods on 36-38 plasma samples obtained over a 24 hour period from each of 7 male subjects. Significantly higher concentrations of bioactivity than immunoactivity were obtained with a biological: immunological (B/I) ratio for all subjects of 1.56 (1.34:1.78) (geometric mean and 95% confidence limits in brackets). A regression analysis of the two activities for each subject indicated a close correlation (r=0.90) and the 95% confidence limits of the regression line intercept obtained from all subjects included the origin. However, significant differences between subjects were observed with regard to the B/I ratios and regresssion coefficients. A comparison of the B/I ratio for male plasma (1.56(1.34:1.78) with that of a highly purified hLH preparation (1.39(1.34:1.44) suggests that the elevated ratios found in male plasma are in part attributable to the presence in the standard preparation of relatively high levels of immunologically active material which is biologically inactive. If so, a reference preparation with higher purity would result in more similar values of biological and immunological activity. From this study it is concluded that with the use of suitable assay methods a close relationship can be shown between the biological and immunological activities in male plasma. However, the significance of the differences in the B/I ratios and the regression coefficients observed requires continued investigation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)599-608
Number of pages10
JournalActa endocrinologica
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 1979

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Endocrinology

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