Biological changes of green pea (pisum sativum L.) by selenium enrichment

Farzaneh Garousi, B. Kovács, Eva Domokos-Szabolcsy, Szilvia Veres

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Supplement of common fertilizers with selenium (Se) for crop production will be an effective way to produce selenium-rich food and feed. The value of green pea seeds and forages as alternative protein source can be improved by using agronomic biofortification. Therefore, biological changes of green pea (Pisum sativum L.) and influences of inorganic forms of Se (sodium selenite and sodium selenate) at different concentrations on the accumulation of magnesium (Mg) and phosphorus (P) were investigated in greenhouse experiment. 3 mg kg-1 of selenite had positive effects to enhance photosynthetic attributes and decrease lipid peroxidation significantly. At the same time, Se accumulation increased in all parts of plant by increasing Se supply. Moreover, Mg and P accumulations were significantly increased at 3 mg kg-1 selenite and 1 mg kg-1 selenate treatments, respectively. By contrast higher selenite concentrations (≥30 mg kg-1) exerted toxic effects on plants. Relative chlorophyll content, actual photochemical efficiency of PSII (PdblPSII) and Mg accumulation showed significant decrease while membrane lipid peroxidation increased. Thus, the present findings prove Se biofortification has positive effects on biological traits of green pea to provide it as a proper functional product.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)60-72
Number of pages13
JournalActa Biologica Hungarica
Volume68
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 1 2017

Fingerprint

Peas
Selenium
selenium
selenite
Selenious Acid
Selenic Acid
Magnesium
selenate
magnesium
Lipid Peroxidation
lipid
sodium
Sodium Selenite
Poisons
Greenhouses
Fertilizers
Chlorophyll
Membrane Lipids
crop production
Phosphorus

Keywords

  • Biofortification
  • Biological changes
  • Green pea
  • Sodium selenate
  • Sodium selenit

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
  • Environmental Science(all)
  • Neurology

Cite this

Biological changes of green pea (pisum sativum L.) by selenium enrichment. / Garousi, Farzaneh; Kovács, B.; Domokos-Szabolcsy, Eva; Veres, Szilvia.

In: Acta Biologica Hungarica, Vol. 68, No. 1, 01.03.2017, p. 60-72.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Garousi, Farzaneh ; Kovács, B. ; Domokos-Szabolcsy, Eva ; Veres, Szilvia. / Biological changes of green pea (pisum sativum L.) by selenium enrichment. In: Acta Biologica Hungarica. 2017 ; Vol. 68, No. 1. pp. 60-72.
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