A dohányzás biológiai, szociális prediktorjellemzoi és az általános egészség percepciója

Translated title of the contribution: Biological and social predictors of smoking and perception of health

Erika Bácskai, P. Czobor, József Gerevich

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

While many studies focused on the serious inequalities in the biological (sex, age) and social (education, occupation, place of residence) predictors of smoking in the world, there is a scarcity of such studies with regard to Hungary. Despite increasing evidence for smoking-related morbidity and mortality, health perception of the Hungarian population is unreasonably optimistic. This study investigated biological and social predictors of smoking in relation to the smoking prevalence, as well as health perception in relation to current smoking and to age of onset of smoking. The study period lasted from 1990 to 2008. Individual data bases from 15 representative population based studies, collected in the above study period, served as empirical data for the investigation. The entire sample included 30,352 individuals. After pooling the databases, a meta-analysis was performed using GLIMMIX, GLM and logistic regression models. Our results revealed an increase in the prevalence of daily smoking between 1990 and 2008; the increase was substantially higher among women than men. Low education, unemployment and a high number of residents per households increased the likelihood of daily smoking; current smoking and early age of onset of smoking increased the likelihood of perceiving the health situation as poor. These smoking trends draw attention to the inefficiency of the previous tobacco policies and prevention practices; they also urge prompt professional and policy interventions in the global national tobacco strategy in Hungary.

Original languageHungarian
Pages (from-to)1018-1027
Number of pages10
JournalOrvosi Hetilap
Volume151
Issue number25
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun 1 2010

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Smoking
Health
Hungary
Age of Onset
Tobacco
Logistic Models
Databases
Education
Unemployment
Occupations
Population
Meta-Analysis
Morbidity
Mortality

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

Cite this

A dohányzás biológiai, szociális prediktorjellemzoi és az általános egészség percepciója. / Bácskai, Erika; Czobor, P.; Gerevich, József.

In: Orvosi Hetilap, Vol. 151, No. 25, 01.06.2010, p. 1018-1027.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Bácskai, Erika ; Czobor, P. ; Gerevich, József. / A dohányzás biológiai, szociális prediktorjellemzoi és az általános egészség percepciója. In: Orvosi Hetilap. 2010 ; Vol. 151, No. 25. pp. 1018-1027.
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