Biodiversity of earthworms in the levant

Tomáš Pavlíěk, C. Csuzdi, Eviatar Nevo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Today, 37 species, 16 genera, and five families (Acanthodrilidae, Criodrilidae, Lumbricidae, Ocnerodrilidae, and Megascolecidae) of earthworms are known to be present in the Levant. Out of all recorded species, 35-43% (13-16 species) have been directly or indirectly introduced by humans and 57-65% (21-24 species) seem to be autochthonous. Twelve to fourteen (50-67%) autochthonous species are endemic to the Levant (genera Dendrobaena, Healyella, Helodrilus, and Perelia). The autochthonous Levantine earthworm fauna is exclusively Palearctic, and species mainly show zoogeographic affinities to Anatolia-Caucasus and Europe. No observed earthworm endernism above the species level corresponds to the expected origin of earthworm fauna in the Levant between Rupelian (30-28 Mya) and Tortonian (11.5-6 Mya) (Oligocene-Miocene). In spite of the fact that speciation in earthworms might take millions of years, the observed new species isolated in the desert oases and along the Negev and Sinai Desert borders might change this perception if we can differentiate between relicts surviving the expansion of the Arabo-Syrian desert belt and subsequent speciation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)461-466
Number of pages6
JournalIsrael Journal of Ecology and Evolution
Volume52
Issue number3-4
Publication statusPublished - 2006

Fingerprint

earthworms
earthworm
biodiversity
deserts
desert
Dendrobaena
Megascolecidae
fauna
Lumbricidae
oases
Rupelian
Tortonian
oasis
endemic species
Oligocene
Miocene
new species

Keywords

  • Biodiversity
  • Biogeography
  • Earthworms

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Animal Science and Zoology
  • Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics

Cite this

Biodiversity of earthworms in the levant. / Pavlíěk, Tomáš; Csuzdi, C.; Nevo, Eviatar.

In: Israel Journal of Ecology and Evolution, Vol. 52, No. 3-4, 2006, p. 461-466.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Pavlíěk, T, Csuzdi, C & Nevo, E 2006, 'Biodiversity of earthworms in the levant', Israel Journal of Ecology and Evolution, vol. 52, no. 3-4, pp. 461-466.
Pavlíěk, Tomáš ; Csuzdi, C. ; Nevo, Eviatar. / Biodiversity of earthworms in the levant. In: Israel Journal of Ecology and Evolution. 2006 ; Vol. 52, No. 3-4. pp. 461-466.
@article{b391fafa0b4641ebba03e66e385b5c54,
title = "Biodiversity of earthworms in the levant",
abstract = "Today, 37 species, 16 genera, and five families (Acanthodrilidae, Criodrilidae, Lumbricidae, Ocnerodrilidae, and Megascolecidae) of earthworms are known to be present in the Levant. Out of all recorded species, 35-43{\%} (13-16 species) have been directly or indirectly introduced by humans and 57-65{\%} (21-24 species) seem to be autochthonous. Twelve to fourteen (50-67{\%}) autochthonous species are endemic to the Levant (genera Dendrobaena, Healyella, Helodrilus, and Perelia). The autochthonous Levantine earthworm fauna is exclusively Palearctic, and species mainly show zoogeographic affinities to Anatolia-Caucasus and Europe. No observed earthworm endernism above the species level corresponds to the expected origin of earthworm fauna in the Levant between Rupelian (30-28 Mya) and Tortonian (11.5-6 Mya) (Oligocene-Miocene). In spite of the fact that speciation in earthworms might take millions of years, the observed new species isolated in the desert oases and along the Negev and Sinai Desert borders might change this perception if we can differentiate between relicts surviving the expansion of the Arabo-Syrian desert belt and subsequent speciation.",
keywords = "Biodiversity, Biogeography, Earthworms",
author = "Tom{\'a}š Pavl{\'i}ěk and C. Csuzdi and Eviatar Nevo",
year = "2006",
language = "English",
volume = "52",
pages = "461--466",
journal = "Israel Journal of Ecology and Evolution",
issn = "1565-9801",
publisher = "Taylor and Francis Ltd.",
number = "3-4",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Biodiversity of earthworms in the levant

AU - Pavlíěk, Tomáš

AU - Csuzdi, C.

AU - Nevo, Eviatar

PY - 2006

Y1 - 2006

N2 - Today, 37 species, 16 genera, and five families (Acanthodrilidae, Criodrilidae, Lumbricidae, Ocnerodrilidae, and Megascolecidae) of earthworms are known to be present in the Levant. Out of all recorded species, 35-43% (13-16 species) have been directly or indirectly introduced by humans and 57-65% (21-24 species) seem to be autochthonous. Twelve to fourteen (50-67%) autochthonous species are endemic to the Levant (genera Dendrobaena, Healyella, Helodrilus, and Perelia). The autochthonous Levantine earthworm fauna is exclusively Palearctic, and species mainly show zoogeographic affinities to Anatolia-Caucasus and Europe. No observed earthworm endernism above the species level corresponds to the expected origin of earthworm fauna in the Levant between Rupelian (30-28 Mya) and Tortonian (11.5-6 Mya) (Oligocene-Miocene). In spite of the fact that speciation in earthworms might take millions of years, the observed new species isolated in the desert oases and along the Negev and Sinai Desert borders might change this perception if we can differentiate between relicts surviving the expansion of the Arabo-Syrian desert belt and subsequent speciation.

AB - Today, 37 species, 16 genera, and five families (Acanthodrilidae, Criodrilidae, Lumbricidae, Ocnerodrilidae, and Megascolecidae) of earthworms are known to be present in the Levant. Out of all recorded species, 35-43% (13-16 species) have been directly or indirectly introduced by humans and 57-65% (21-24 species) seem to be autochthonous. Twelve to fourteen (50-67%) autochthonous species are endemic to the Levant (genera Dendrobaena, Healyella, Helodrilus, and Perelia). The autochthonous Levantine earthworm fauna is exclusively Palearctic, and species mainly show zoogeographic affinities to Anatolia-Caucasus and Europe. No observed earthworm endernism above the species level corresponds to the expected origin of earthworm fauna in the Levant between Rupelian (30-28 Mya) and Tortonian (11.5-6 Mya) (Oligocene-Miocene). In spite of the fact that speciation in earthworms might take millions of years, the observed new species isolated in the desert oases and along the Negev and Sinai Desert borders might change this perception if we can differentiate between relicts surviving the expansion of the Arabo-Syrian desert belt and subsequent speciation.

KW - Biodiversity

KW - Biogeography

KW - Earthworms

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=35449008457&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=35449008457&partnerID=8YFLogxK

M3 - Article

VL - 52

SP - 461

EP - 466

JO - Israel Journal of Ecology and Evolution

JF - Israel Journal of Ecology and Evolution

SN - 1565-9801

IS - 3-4

ER -