Biodegradation and Osteosarcoma Cell Cultivation on Poly(aspartic acid) Based Hydrogels

Dávid Juriga, Krisztina Nagy, Angéla Jedlovszky-Hajdú, Katalin Perczel-Kovách, Yong Mei Chen, G. Varga, M. Zrínyi

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17 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Development of novel biodegradable and biocompatible scaffold materials with optimal characteristics is important for both preclinical and clinical applications. The aim of the present study was to analyze the biodegradability of poly(aspartic acid)-based hydrogels, and to test their usability as scaffolds for MG-63 osteoblast-like cells. Poly(aspartic acid) was fabricated from poly(succinimide) and hydrogels were prepared using natural amines as cross-linkers (diaminobutane and cystamine). Disulfide bridges were cleaved to thiol groups and the polymer backbone was further modified with RGD sequence. Biodegradability of the hydrogels was evaluated by experiments on the base of enzymes and cell culture medium. Poly(aspartic acid) hydrogels possessing only disulfide bridges as cross-links proved to be degradable by collagenase I. The MG-63 cells showed healthy, fibroblast-like morphology on the double cross-linked and RGD modified hydrogels. Thiolated poly(aspartic acid) based hydrogels provide ideal conditions for adhesion, survival, proliferation, and migration of osteoblast-like cells. The highest viability was found on the thiolated PASP gels while the RGD motif had influence on compacted cluster formation of the cells. These biodegradable and biocompatible poly(aspartic acid)-based hydrogels are promising scaffolds for cell cultivation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)23463-23476
Number of pages14
JournalACS Applied Materials and Interfaces
Volume8
Issue number36
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sep 14 2016

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Keywords

  • cell viability
  • MG-63
  • poly(aspartic acid) hydrogel
  • RGD
  • thiolated

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)

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