The biochemical and serological properties of 21 strains of Actinobacillus pleuropneumoniae biotype 2 isolated from haemorrhagic necrotic pleuropneumonia of swine were examined. For serologic typing, the indirect haemagglutination (IHA) and the double gel-diffusion tests were used. On the basis of their soluble surface antigens, our A. pleuropneumoniae biotype 2 isolates could be assigned to two proposed serotypes. Serotype 1 comprised 11 strains and serotype 2 comprised 10 strains. All strains contained two surface antigen components. In the strains belonging to serotype 1, one of the antigens was identical with the serotype-specific antigen of Pasteurella haemolytica T4. Both antigens of serotype 2 strains proved to be type-specific. Four strains received from Switzerland, including the holotype strain of A. pleuropneumoniae biotype 2, and three strains isolated from swine in the G.D.R. belonged to serotype 2. Both the double gel diffusion and the IHA tests detected a 2-way cross-reaction between biotype 1, serotype 2 and biotype 2, serotype 2 strains of A. pleuropneumoniae, which could be eliminated using cross-absorbed sera.
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