BioArena system for knowing and understanding the biological world: A review with new experimental results

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A simple observation is the basis of the development of BioArena system: according to the first observations during the biological incubation after inoculation there is formaldehyde (HCHO) emission from the chromatographic spots; in this emission process, the level of HCHO molecules decreases time dependently. In fact, the antibiotic effect of an antibiotic-like compound decreases in parallel with the HCHO emission. The investigations demonstrated clearly a unique function and role of endogenous HCHO and its one main reaction product, ozone (O3), in the antiproliferative (e.g., antimicrobial) effect of different molecules with diverse chemical structures. The results in BioArena can be extended for in vivo conditions (e.g., greenhouse experiments), as well. For the pretreatment with different doses of inducers (immunostimulation- inducing molecules) there are always four bioequivalent immunostimulating response ranges (quadruple bioequivalent immune response system) in plants. The inducers (e.g., N-methylated basic amino acids, salicylic acid, cinnamic acid, and trace elements) do not participate directly in the induction of the immunostimulating effect. These new findings support a statement that HCHO and its reaction products (mainly O3), as bioreactive small molecules, are responsible for the immunostimulating activity (in vivo conditions), as well.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1189-1199
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of AOAC International
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - Nov 1 2013


ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Analytical Chemistry
  • Food Science
  • Environmental Chemistry
  • Agronomy and Crop Science
  • Pharmacology

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