Binary, coupled mass transfer with variable diffusivity through cylindrical dense membrane

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Abstract

Concentration dependent, binary, coupled, diffusional mass transport, through dense membrane, was investigated. A quasi-analytical approach is given in order to calculate the concentration distribution in the membrane and the mass transfer rates in the case of a single component as well as of binary, coupled component diffusion transport. Using them, the effect of the tube-side external mass transfer coefficient, of the cylindrical space co-ordinate, of the feed concentration on the mass transfer rate was discussed. Both properties can be expressed by closed mathematical equations independently of the concentration dependency function of diffusion coefficients. The essential of this approach is that the composite, inhomogeneous or homogeneous media are divided into N sub-layers with constant diffusion coefficients. The differential mass balance equations with constant parameters were solved for every sub-layer with suitable boundary conditions. The coupled binary diffusion of toluene-water mixture was described by means of Flory-Huggins theory as an example. The widely used Maxwell-Stefan theory can also be similarly applied by the model presented.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)159-168
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Membrane Science
Volume274
Issue number1-2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Apr 5 2006

Keywords

  • Concentration dependent diffusion
  • Concentration profile
  • Coupling diffusion
  • Cylindrical interface
  • Flory-Huggins theory
  • Mass transfer rate
  • Membrane processes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Filtration and Separation

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