The phase behavior of hard rectangular rods with edge lengths L, D, and D is studied in a narrow slitlike pore using the Parsons-Lee density functional theory. Using the restricted orientation approximation, we find strong adsorption at the walls with planar ordering, second order uniaxial-biaxial ordering transitions, and first order layering transitions. The layering transition takes place between two fluids having n and n+1 layers, where the layer spacing is on the order of D. In the case of weak shape anisotropy (L/D=3), the coexisting fluids can be either uniaxial or biaxial, while both phases are found to be biaxial for L/D=6 and L/D=9. Interestingly, even two or more layering transitions can be observed with increasing density at a given shape anisotropy and pore width.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Statistical and Nonlinear Physics
- Statistics and Probability
- Condensed Matter Physics