Betaine yields from marine algal species utilized in the preparation of seaweed extracts used in agriculture

Gerald Blunden, Peter F. Morse, Imre Mathe, Judit Hohmann, Alan T. Critchley, Stephen Morrell

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

23 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Ascophyllum nodosum, and to a lesser extent, Laminaria digitata, L. hyperborea and Fucus serratus, are marine algal species utilized in the commercial production of seaweed extracts used in agriculture. Betaines have been shown to be important constituents of these extracts, but there appears to have been no study made on whether there are variations in the betaine contents of these species based on either the place or date of collection. Samples of each of the four species were collected from widely separated areas at different times of the year. Also, in the case of A. nodosum, approximately monthly collections were made from one location. The betaines detected in the various collections of the same species showed little variation, although in the case of A. nodosum, glycinebetaine was found as a minor constituent in some samples, but was not detected in others. Trigonelline was found in all the tested samples of the two Laminaria species; this is, to our knowledge, the first record of this betaine in marine algae. With the exception of trigonelline in the Laminaria species, the betaine yields from the various samples of L. digitata, L. hyperborea and F. serratus showed little variation, regardless of either the place or date of collection. The trigonelline contents of the Laminaria species collected at one location (Finavarra, Ireland), in particular of L. hyperborea, was substantially greater than those from the other places of collection. In the case of A. nodosum, the betaine yields from samples collected at one site (Dale, Pembrokeshire, UK) were significantly higher than those from the other places of collection, which were very similar to each other. There was no clear indication of seasonal variation in betaine yields from A. nodosum.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)581-585
Number of pages5
JournalNatural product communications
Volume5
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2010

Keywords

  • Ascophyllum nodosum
  • Betaines
  • Fucus serratus
  • Laminaria digitata
  • Laminaria hyperborea
  • Seaweed extracts
  • Trigonelline
  • Yield variations

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pharmacology
  • Plant Science
  • Drug Discovery
  • Complementary and alternative medicine

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