Benzene, toluene, ethyl benzene and xylenes in ambient air and Pinus sylvestris L. needles: A comparative study between Belgium, Hungary and Latvia

Regine Keymeulen, Miklós Görgényi, Károly Héberger, Anda Priksane, Herman Van Langenhove

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

38 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Concentrations of benzene, toluene, ethyl benzene and xylenes (BTEX) in ambient air and in 1yr old Pinus sylvestris pine needles were monitored along a busy road, petrol station and rural area of Belgium, Hungary and Latvia in a 1yr period. To test P. sylvestris as a possible biomonitor for the BTEX concentrations, samples were taken in the four seasons. As the distribution of data was not normal, the level of pollution on different sites and seasons was compared and evaluated by non-parametric tests. The measured air concentrations did not differ significantly from one season to another throughout the year. There were, however, differences between sampling places. The C2-alkylbenzene and toluene concentrations in the needles were similar in the autumn/winter and spring/summer periods but a significant decrease in their concentration was observed in every place between winter and spring. This effect was less obvious for toluene.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)6327-6335
Number of pages9
JournalAtmospheric Environment
Volume35
Issue number36
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Nov 29 2001

Keywords

  • Air pollution
  • BTEX compounds
  • GC-MS
  • Non-parametric tests
  • Pine needle
  • Seasonal variation
  • Sorption sampling

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Environmental Science(all)
  • Atmospheric Science

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