Benefits of jet reactor application in alkaline gas purification

Éva Molnár, Dóra Rippel-Pethő, G. Horváth, Zoltán Hodai, Róbert Bocsi, Janka Bobek

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Our energy requirements have increased enormously in the last decades. We can get a significant amount of energy by the combustion of flammable gas mixtures of hydrocarbons. Proper gas purification prior to use is essential. A hydrocarbon- based gas mixture which contains sulfur compounds is called sour gas. H2S is one of the most problematic compounds in the transportation and utilization of natural gas or biogas. H2S is a toxic gas. It is corrosive in the presence of water. Upon the combustion of natural gas H2S is converted into SO2 which is not only harmful for the environment by causing acid rain but also constitutes a danger to human health. There are several methods of reducing the content of H2S in natural gas. However, the usability of these methods is limited due the increasingly strict environmental regulations. Our future aim is to develop a new, efficient and selective method. Selectivity is important to avoid unnecessary energy and chemicals consumption. Alkali-based competitive chemisorption method appears to be a good choice. H2S reacts with NaOH faster than CO2, which is the basis of the selectivity. Residence time is a key parameter for the efficiency of the operation. The essence of the method is the very short contact time, thus intensive contact between the gas and liquid phases has to be ensured along with rapid phase separation. Using a spray technology such as in Jet reactor is feasible. The advantage of the application of a Jet reactor is that various parameters can be changed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)74-77
Number of pages4
JournalPeriodica Polytechnica: Chemical Engineering
Volume60
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 2016

Fingerprint

Gas fuel purification
Natural gas
Hydrocarbons
Gas mixtures
Contacts (fluid mechanics)
Acid Rain
Gases
Sour gas
Sulfur Compounds
Acid rain
Caustics
Environmental regulations
Sulfur compounds
Biofuels
Poisons
Biogas
Alkalies
Chemisorption
Phase separation
Health

Keywords

  • Carbon dioxide
  • Competitive chemisorption
  • Gas purification
  • Hydrogen sulfide
  • Jet reactor

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemical Engineering(all)

Cite this

Molnár, É., Rippel-Pethő, D., Horváth, G., Hodai, Z., Bocsi, R., & Bobek, J. (2016). Benefits of jet reactor application in alkaline gas purification. Periodica Polytechnica: Chemical Engineering, 60(2), 74-77.

Benefits of jet reactor application in alkaline gas purification. / Molnár, Éva; Rippel-Pethő, Dóra; Horváth, G.; Hodai, Zoltán; Bocsi, Róbert; Bobek, Janka.

In: Periodica Polytechnica: Chemical Engineering, Vol. 60, No. 2, 2016, p. 74-77.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Molnár, É, Rippel-Pethő, D, Horváth, G, Hodai, Z, Bocsi, R & Bobek, J 2016, 'Benefits of jet reactor application in alkaline gas purification', Periodica Polytechnica: Chemical Engineering, vol. 60, no. 2, pp. 74-77.
Molnár, Éva ; Rippel-Pethő, Dóra ; Horváth, G. ; Hodai, Zoltán ; Bocsi, Róbert ; Bobek, Janka. / Benefits of jet reactor application in alkaline gas purification. In: Periodica Polytechnica: Chemical Engineering. 2016 ; Vol. 60, No. 2. pp. 74-77.
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