BACKGROUND: Remote ischemic preconditioning (RIPC) can be protective against the damage. However, there is no consensus on the optimal amount of tissue, the number and duration of the ischemic cycles, and the timing of the preconditioning. The hemorheological background of the process is also unknown. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effects of remote organ ischemic preconditioning on micro-rheological parameters during liver ischemia-reperfusion in rats. METHODS: In anesthetized rats 60-minute partial liver ischemia was induced with 120-minute reperfusion (Control, n = 7). In the preconditioned groups a tourniquet was applied on the left thigh for 3 × 10 minutes 1 hour (RIPC-1, n = 7) or 24 hours (RIPC-24, n = 7) prior to the liver ischemia. Blood samples were taken before the operation and during the reperfusion. Acid-base, hematological parameters, erythrocyte aggregation and deformability were tested. RESULTS: Lactate concentration significantly increased by the end of the reperfusion. Erythrocyte deformability was improved in the RIPC-1 group, erythrocyte aggregation increased during the reperfusion, particularly in the RIPC-24 group. CONCLUSIONS: RIPC alleviated several hemorheological changes caused by the liver I/R. However, the optimal timing of the RIPC cannot be defined based on these results.
- remote ischemic preconditioning
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
- Physiology (medical)