The increase of glomerular filtration can often be observed in patients with insulin dependent diabetes mellitus, even in the early stage of the disease and it does not require the presence of microalbuminuria. This phenomenon can be explained by vasoconstriction occurring in the efferent arterioles. Eighteen normotensive, diabetic patients (aged: 28-42) who developed increased glomerular filtration were recruited in this study. The specific objectives were: 1. to study the beneficial effect of angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitor on the glomerular filtration, 2. to evaluate the effect of this treatment on blood pressure and hemodynamic parameters in normotensive, diabetic subjects. After a placebo period of one week, patients were treated orally a daily dose of 3 x 6.25 mg of captopril for twelve weeks. Glomerular filtration was assessed by the isotopic clearance method and blood pressure recordings were taken every 30 minutes throughout a day using an automatic programmable device. Preload, afterload and linear ejection fraction were estimated by echocardiograph, whereas cardiac index was measured by isotopic first pass technique. At the end of the treatment period a significant decrease of glomerular filtration was observed (from 141.9 +/- 10 ml/min to 98.9 +/- 12 ml/min; p < 0.01. Similarly, the afterload exhibited a significant drop due to drug treatment (45.6 +/- 5.8 x 10(3) dyn/cm2 vs. 55.4 +/- 4.7 x 10(3) dyn/cm2 at the end of the placebo period (p < 0.01). However, preload, linear ejection fraction, and cardiac index did not significantly change during the treatment. According to the results obtained from this study a beneficial effect of captopril on the early development of the glomerular hyperfiltration was demonstrated in normotensive diabetic patients who did not develop microalbuminuria. This issue needs to be investigated further in a large scale clinical trial.
|Translated title of the contribution||Beneficial effect of the ACE inhibitor captopril in normotensive patients with insulin-dependent diabetes|
|Number of pages||5|
|Publication status||Published - Sep 27 1998|
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