Behavioural medicine in health promotion

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Behavioural medicine is a rapidly developing interdisciplinary field that integrates the physiological and psychosocial aspects of human behaviour and applies them to prevention. In the early stage of chronic non-infectious illnesses of great epidemiological significance the most important risk factors are the reversible psychophysiological regulation disturbances. According to the behavioural medicine model depressive symptomatology, hopelessness, anxiety, non-adaptive ways of coping, dysfunctional attitudes are common risk factors in the background of self-destructive behavioural disturbances, such as smoking, alcohol and drug abuse and suicidal behaviour. The basic link between physiological and psychological phenomena is the decision making process, the cognitive appraisal, evaluation of the given situation, which is very subjective and depends on the socialization process. The modern civilised way of life continuously creates situations in which we experience loss of control, and therefore the psychological and physiological balance can only be obtained with great difficulty. Especially under conditions of sudden cultural and socioeconomic transition strengthening adaptive ways of coping and preventing emotional disturbances are fundamental in health promotion.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)191-197
Number of pages7
JournalActa physiologica Hungarica
Volume86
Issue number3-4
Publication statusPublished - Dec 1 1999

Keywords

  • Anxiety
  • Behavioural disturbances
  • Behavioural medicine
  • Health promotion
  • Hopelessness
  • Prevention
  • Psychophysiology
  • Risk factors

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology (medical)

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