Behavioural elements of the paradise fish (Macropodus opercularis). II. A functional analysis.

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The effects of various environmental influences, such as presence of a living predator, dominant conspecific or frightening artificial stimulus, on particular behavioural elements of the paradise fish (Macropodus opercularis) were studied. It has been found that certain sets of the elements are manifested as organizational complexes which characterize a certain mood or form of defensive behaviour. The compound elements of these complexes seemed to be partly interchangeable, partly under environmental control. The main behavioural complexes of the paradise fish were the Territorial complex characterizing the peaceful, home-living animal, Emotionality complex appearing in case of immediate and past danger, Active and Passive defense complexes which represent alternatives in defense, depending on particular stimulus settings. Some supporting evidence for these behavioural complexes are presented and discussed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)115-130
Number of pages16
JournalActa biologica Hungarica
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Dec 1 1985

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
  • Environmental Science(all)
  • Neurology

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